Using SMTP-TLS with qmail

2004-03-24 14:12:00 +0000

Lucky part 13 of Installing qmail and vpopmail. This one talks about SMTP-over-TLS.

If you install this patch (mentioned here), then you’ll get SMTP-over-TLS in qmail.

It’s implemented using the STARTTLS command, and goes over the standard SMTP port.

To get it to work, you’ll need a server certificate, in PEM format. The simplest way to get hold of one is to copy the one you used when securing IMAP:

# cp /etc/opt/bincimap/bincimap.pem /var/qmail/control/servercert.pem
# chmod 400 /var/qmail/control/servercert.pem

You’ll also need to make it readable by the user account under which qmail-smtpd is running. For a normal installation, this is qmaild.qmail. For my vpopmail installation, it’s vpopmail.vchkpw:

# chown vpopmail.vchkpw /var/qmail/control/servercert.pem

If it’s not working, you can debug it by telnetting to port 25 on your host and typing in the STARTTLS command. The output is usually pretty descriptive. For example:

220 peculiar.differentpla.net ESMTP
HELO
250 peculiar.differentpla.net
STARTTLS
454 TLS missing certificate: error:0200100D:system library:fopen:Permission denied (#4.3.0)

If it’s working, you should see the following:

220 peculiar.differentpla.net ESMTP
HELO
250 peculiar.differentpla.net
STARTTLS
220 ready for tls

For more information, check out http://iain.cx/ssl/?qmailtls.

Next: Installing qmailAdmin.