Capturing network traces with OpenWRT

13 Nov 2013 09:42 openwrt

This is mostly a reminder to myself.

Install tcpdump

opkg update
opkg install tcpdump

External USB Modules

I don’t want to waste internal storage on the capture files, so install the USB storage modules:

opkg install kmod-usb-storage block-mount

You’ll also need a filesystem driver:

opkg install kmod-fs-vfat

Use ‘vfat’ because – let’s face it – you’ll be using a Windows-formatted USB stick, whether you’re on Windows, Linux or Mac OS X.

And you’ll need some code page modules:

opkg install kmod-nls-cp437 kmod-nls-iso8859-1

If you don’t do this, then you’ll get:

mount: mounting /dev/sda1 on /mnt failed: Invalid argument

…when you attempt to mount the device later; and your log (use logread -f &) will have one or both of the following:

FAT-fs (sda1): codepage cp437 not found
FAT-fs (sda1): IO charset iso8859-1 not found

You might see different codepage or charset warnings; just install the relevant modules.

Then what?

…then plug in a USB stick. Make sure there’s plenty of space on it.

You’ll need to mount it (assuming it’s on /dev/sda1):

mount /dev/sda1 /mnt -t vfat

Capture some traces

tcpdump -i wlan0-1 -w /mnt/dump.cap

Here wlan0-1 is my guest WiFi. Yours might well be called something different.

Yoink it back to a proper PC

scp openwrt:/mnt/dump.cap .

Examine it in Wireshark

Left as an exercise for the reader