Installing SMTP AUTH with qmail
Installing SMTP AUTH
In the Requirements list, above, I talked about being able to send email from anywhere, using my laptop. This is known as selective relaying.
There are several ways to allow selective relaying. The easiest is useful if all of the machines to send mail are on the local network. We just add a line like the following to
I’m not going to do this yet, because I’m doing all of my testing from my internal network, so I’ll not know if I’ve correctly configured relaying for my laptop until it’s too late. Another way to allow selective relaying is SMTP-after-POP. Essentially, authenticating with the POP daemon adds you to the tcprules file for a limited time, allowing relaying. Most modern email clients can be configured to work like this. For example, in Outlook XP, it’s called “Log on to incoming mail server before sending email”.
The first thing that we need to do is test that it doesn’t allow relaying by default. To do this, we’ll set up a new account in Outlook Express (because I’m already using Outlook for my real email on my desktop PC) that tries to use
flimsy as the SMTP server. If we attempt to send email like this, we should see something like the following:
553 sorry, that domain isn't in my list of allowed rcpthosts (#5.7.1)
There’s a combined TLS+SMTP Auth patch listed on qmail.org. It works with netqmail-1.05. Instructions are in the top of the patch.
For this patch, you’ll also need the OpenSSL binaries and libraries:
apt-get install openssl libssl-dev
One problem I had after installing this patch was that the SMTP connection would be closed abruptly. Looking in the logs revealed the following:
/var/qmail/bin/qmail-smtpd: error while loading shared libraries: libc.so.6: failed to map segment from shared object: Cannot allocate memory
LWQ says to increase the
-m parameter to
softlimit to 3000000 (around 3Mb). This fixes the problem.
You’ll also need a checkpassword program.
Don’t forget to read the
/usr/local/src/netqmail-1.05/netqmail-1.05 for information on installing it correctly.
In particular, if you get
503 auth not available (#5.3.3) messages, you probably forgot to add /bin/checkpassword to /var/qmail/supervise/qmail-smtpd/run. Look in README.auth again.
Another problem is that, by default,
/bin/checkpassword is installed with over-strict permissions.
qmail-smtpd can’t actually run it in the default configuration. To fix this, we need to change the permissions and make it setuid root.
# chown root.root /bin/checkpassword # chmod 4755 /bin/checkpassword
This is a potential security hole. I’m going to install vpopmail later, which has its own checkpassword program. When I’ve installed the replacement, I’ll restore checkpassword to its original settings (or, in fact, delete it, since nothing will be using it). If we then turn on SMTP AUTH in Outlook Express, it works. I can send mail from my Windows PC to another host. If I quickly test it by turning off SMTP AUTH in Outlook Express, it fails, as expected.